Rabu, 04 Juni 2014


My name is M Hadi Prasetyo K. im male. I was born in Jakarta on 7 Mei 1992. I am living in jl. Langgar 2 no : 4D RT 10 RW 05 Jakarta. My Father name is Iba Mokopurwanto and My Mother name is Sri Handayani. I have 4 brothers and 1 sister.

I started my first school in TK Pembina, Elementary school in SDN 01 Jakarta, Junior high school in SMPN 51 Jakarta, Senior high school 50 Jakarta. And now I am studing in Universitas Gunadarma.

My hobby is traveling , futsal , running and waching moves action/horror.

My expectations graduation in years, and continue career. I want to work in human resource and I hope someday to have a cafe business.

Rabu, 30 April 2014

indonesia bussiness today

Wake up to Indonesia's investment potential

As a fellow democracy with the world’s largest Islamic population, with 253 million people spread across an archipelago of 17,000-18,000 islands, and an economy growing 6 per cent a year, Indonesia is the waking giant only 800 kilometres beyond Australia’s northern border.

With burgeoning cities in clear need of greater infrastructure development, the time is right for Australian institutional investors to establish a foothold in this market through vehicles such as superannuation. A growing middle class presents tremendous opportunity for established Australian businesses and ambitious entrepreneurs who want to expand their operations beyond our borders into exciting frontiers.

With a GDP per capita of $US4,271 and a middle class expected to double to 140m by 2020, it is no surprise our key competitors have awoken to the potential of this market which is expected to overtake Australia’s GDP by 2022, on a steady path to becoming the world's fourth biggest economy by 2040. However some Australian investors appear asleep at the wheel, with sections of our business and investment community seemingly indifferent to the need for an enduring two-way relationship.

Following his election victory on September 7 it is no surprise Tony Abbott made his first overseas trip to Jakarta, where accompanied by a delegation of 20 prominent business leaders he held bilateral talks with Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Pushing a message that “Australia is open for business”, the Prime Minister was keen revive momentum toward two-way trade and investment between both nations.

Indonesia is only our 21th largest trading partner (2.4 per cent of our total trade, or $14.6 billion in 2012), despite being our closest neighbour and despite other nations -- Japan, China, United Kingdom, United States, Singapore and Korea -- all having established stronger economic relationships. Foreign direct investment might as well have been another topic on Mr. Abbott's  agenda during his discussions with Mr. Yudhoyono, with a recent DFAT report revealing Australian businesses invested only $6.8bn into the rapidly developing Indonesian economy in 2012 (1.33 per cent of our total outward FDI), compared to $55.9bn with the United States in 2011.

Paul Keating made clear that Indonesia is Australia’s most important relationship. John Howard demonstrated our credentials as a neighbour with Australia’s tsunami assistance and aid. While the Abbott government and our political leaders are very aware of the strategic importance of the Australia-Indonesia relationship, the question remains: Why don’t Australian investors see Indonesia in the same strategic way as our political leaders? Where are our super funds and institutional investors? Despite notable exceptions such as banks like ANZ and CBA, why are Australian businesses and investors still reluctant to invest in this waking giant in our midst?

A young country like Australia, Indonesia gained independence from the Netherlands in 1949 following a four-year struggle. Being a neighbour, what happens in Indonesian politics is noticed by Australia’s business leaders and investors. It is an election year in Indonesia and political events in Indonesia have helped shape Australian investment thinking. Attitudes and perceptions have built up over decades and the two neighbours have very different histories.

Perhaps it is time for investors to rethink these perceptions. Australians followed Indonesian independence and watched founding President Sukarno deposed in a 1967 military coup led by General Suharto who ruled over a time of rapid yet uneven economic growth. Popular dissent led to Suharto’s downfall and the birth of Indonesian democracy in May 1998. Stories of corruption and geopolitical crises in West Papua in 1970 and East Timor in 1975 entrenched some negative views towards Indonesia.

That’s a long time ago. Knowing the importance of Indonesia and against the prevailing trends of the time, Paul Keating actively courted Suharto towards the end of his reign, laying the groundwork for APEC and the East Asia Summit, which endure to this day.


253,609,643 (4th)
272,911,000 (5th)
Middle Class Consumers
140,000,000 (2020)
$894,000,000,000 (16th)
$2,568,000,000,000 (10th)
GDP Per Capita (PPP)
USD $4,271
USD $15,500 (2025 Goal)
GDP Growth (Per Annum)
5.78% (2013)
6.3% (2015-19)
Foreign Direct Investment
$6,800,000,000 (2012)
AUS-Indo Bilateral Trade
$14,600,000,000 (2012)

A consumer driven destiny: Why Indonesia’s growing middle class means business for Australian investors

The immense opportunities the rapid economic rise this nation of 253 million presents for Australian business and investors are significant.

Our competitors are already beating us in the FDI game. Firstly, with demographics being destiny, Indonesia has the vast population it requires to sustain a growing economy and build a formidable consumer class. While the capital city Jakarta (population 10.1m) is the centre of economic activity, the nation’s second cities such as Surabaya (population 2.8m) have been growing at an even faster rate -- with a McKinsey report predicting an additional 72m Indonesians will be urbanised by 2030. This presents a tremendous opportunity for institutional infrastructure investment, especially for Australia’s $1.5 trillion Superannuation sector.  It presents opportunities to invest in leading companies on the Jakarta Stock Exchange.

Secondly, Indonesia now has in place the framework of democratic institutions and the public policy required for sustained growth to flourish. Flourishing it is, having risen by an average 6 per cent per annum over the past decade, despite the Global Financial Crisis. The world’s sixteenth largest economy today (GDP $894bn), it is expected to leap-frog into tenth place by 2022 (GDP $2,568 trillion) and fourth place by 2040 when its GDP will be 3 to 4 times larger than Australia’s.

Thirdly, and perhaps most promisingly, Indonesia’s rapid economic growth has given rise to a large consumer class whose incomes are rising steadily from an average per capita figure of $US4,000 today. Numbering 74m as of July 2012, and expected to double to 120m by 2020, Indonesia’s consumer class are responsible for a staggering 65 per cent of all GDP growth, compared to Thailand’s 29 per cent and Malaysia’s 6 per cent.

This middle-income population is rising by an average 7m a year.

With an awakening giant on our doorstep, Indonesia our neighbor is also undoubtedly our greatest opportunity. What are we waiting for?
John Donovan is the Managing Director of AFM Investment Partners, representing Mandiri Investasi in Australia, the investment arm of Indonesia’s largest bank, Bank Mandiri. John is the founder of the annual Investing in Asia conference held by the Australian Centre for Financial Studies to promote dialogue between Australian institutional investors and regulators and Asian investment managers and regulators. In April, John is hosting the Indonesian Pension Fund Association’s first visit to Australia.

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Sabtu, 29 Maret 2014

Passive Voice

Sekilas tentang Passive Voice

Passive voice merupakan suatu bentuk gramatikal dimana subject menerima aksi / ditindaklanjuti oleh agent lain. Rumus umum dari konstruksi ini yaitu: S + auxiliary verb + past participle. Penjelasan lebih lengkap dapat dilihat di Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh serta Penggunaan dan Contoh Passive Voice.

Ada beberapa bentuk umum yang sering digunakan dalam membentuk passive voice. Yang membedakan adalah waktu berlangsungnya kejadian yang diterangkan, sudah terjadi, sedang terjadi atau akan terjadi. Beberapa diantaranya yang sering digunakan adalah sebagai berikut:

S + is/am/are/was/were + V3
di [...]
S + is/am/are/was/were + being + V3
sedang [...]
S + has/have/had + been + V3
telah di [...]
S + will/shall/can/may/must, etc + V3
akan/dapat/mungkin/pasti di [...]

Yang paling penting di ingat sebelum kita mencoba membuat passive voice dan kalimat ungkapan lainnya (dalam bahasa inggris) adalah penggunaan to be pada subjek.
I (am/was, have/had) / khusus
He, she, it ( is/was, has/had) /tunggal
They, we, you (are/were, have/had) / jamak

Transformasi Active menjadi Passive Voice
Active “normal” voice dapat ditransformasi atau dirubah bentuknya menjadi passive dengan tahapan sebagai berikut.

Active Voice
Passive Voice
Subject (doer of action)
action verb
Object (receiver of action)
Subject (receiver of action)
auxiliary verb*
past participle
by …(doer of action)

Penjelasan mengenai auxiliary verb yang digunakan pada dapat dilihat pada bagian pendahuluan.
  • Julia wrote the report. —> The report was written by Julia
  • I have made a decision. —> A decision has been made by me.
Penggunaan dan Contoh
Beberapa penggunaan dan contoh perubahan kalimat aktif menjadi pasif adalah sebagai berikut.
Active Voice
Passive Voice
digunakan ketika doer of action (pelaku aksi) tidak diketahui.
Someone knocked on your door last night.
Your door was knocked on last night.
Somebody has used the computer without permission
The computer has been used without permission.
digunakan ketika doer of action tidak penting untuk disebutkan. Misalnya karena pelaku aksi tersebut sudah jelas / bisa ditebak atau merujuk kepada orang secara umum.
You can view the results on the web.
The final results can be viewed on the web.
People seldom do physical exercises regularly.
Physical exercises are seldom done regularly.
The teacher instructed the students to solve the math problem.
The students were instructed to solve the math problem.
digunakan untuk memberi penekanan pada object
Sunmark Press published The Enzyme Factor at the first time in 2005.
The Enzyme Factor was published at the first time in 2005 by Sunmark Press.
I have to collect more than 20,000 dollars to buy the car.
More than 20,000 dollars have to be collected** to buy the car.
digunakan sebagai variasi pada tulisan. Misalnya pelaku aksi telah disebutkan pada kalimat sebelumnya.
KPK investigators knew that Neneng Sri Wahyuni returned to Indonesia. They arrested the woman on June 13.
KPK investigators knew that Neneng Sri Wahyuni returned to Indonesia. The woman was arrested on June 13.

Rumus dan Contoh Passive Voice pada Tenses
Auxiliary untuk membentuk konstruksi pasif pada tenses dapat berupa auxiliary be (is, are, was, were), kombinasi antara dua primary auxiliary (is/are being, was/were being, has/have been), atau antara primary auxiliary dengan modal verb (will be, will have been). Auxialiary tersebut kemudian dipadukan dengan past participle untuk membentuk passive verb form. Adapun rumus dan contoh passive voice pada beberapa macam tenses dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

am/is/are + past participle
The crafts are made of wood.
am/is/are + being + past participle
The room is being cleaned.
has/have + been + past participle
Your requests have been approved.
was/were + past participle
The mansion was built in 1990.
was/were + being + past participle
Your gown was being washed.
had + been+ past participle
The fence had been painted in green.
will + be + past participle
The packet will be sent immediately.
will + have + been + past participle
The article will have been read ninety times.
Bentuk pasif dari perfect continuous sebaiknya dihindari karena rumit dan tidak elegan.
Passive Voice pada Infinitive
Bentuk pasif dari Infinitive phrase (frasa infinitive) dapat berperan sebagai subject, object, maupun modifier pada suatu kalimat. Rumus dan contoh bentuk pasif pada infinitive adalah sebagai berikut.

(to) be + past participle

  • To be accompanied with him is a bad idea. (Subject)
  • Everyone needs to be loved. (Object)
  • He is the man to be trusted for all the things. (Modifier)
Passive Voice pada Gerund
Bentuk pasif pada gerund dapat berfungsi sebagai subject, object, maupun object of preposition dalam suatu kalimat. Berikut rumus dan contoh bentuk pasif pada gerund.

being + past participle

  • Being accompanied with him is a bad idea. (Subject)
  • My brother enjoyed being taken to the beach. (Object)
  • My brother’s happy of being taken to the beach. (Object of preposition)
Passive Voice: Use
The passive voice is used when:
We do not know who did the action
Example: The documents were stolen. (we don’t know who stole the document.

The receiver of the action is more important
Example: The pyramids were built nearly 5,000 years ago by the ancient Egyptians.
(we want to emphasize “pyramids” more than “ancient Egyptians”)

Passive Voice: Form
To change an active voice sentence to a passive voice sentence:
  1. Make the object of the active sentence into the subject of the passive sentence.
  2. Use the verb “to be” in the same tense as the main verb of the active sentence.
  3. Use the past participle of the main verb of the active sentence.
Passive Voice: Present
In the present, the passive voice uses the verbs is and are + past participle of the main verb.
The passive voice present is often used to describe:
  • Processes
    First the apples are picked, then they are cleaned, and finally they’re packed and shipped to the market.
  • General thoughts, opinions, and beliefs
New York is considered the most diverse city in the U.S.
It is believed that Amelia Earhart’s plane crashed in Pacific Ocean.
Hungarian is seen as one of the world’s most difficult languages to learn.
Skin cancers are thought to be caused by excessive exposure to the sun.

Passive Voice: Past
In the past, the passive voice uses the verbs was and were + past participle of the main verb. The passive voice past is often used to describe:
  • Events in history
George Washington was elected president in 1788. 
  • Crimes / Accidents
Two people were killed in a drive-by shooting on Friday night.
Ten children were injured when part of the school roof collapsed.

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